Romanian renewable energy production based on solid waste is expected to continue to increase at medium term mainly based on the introduction of modern and efficient technologies, with a focus on the rural areas which have direct access to the biomass sources.
At the same time, the use of waste from natural sources - such as wood, manure - for energy production is expected to be balanced by shifting focus on selective municipal waste collection, recycling and recirculation of raw materials rather than incineration, which is the most utilised action at present.
According to players in the Romanian renewable energy sector, the local awareness of the technology related to biomass sector and their economic benefits has advanced enough to encourage projects in order to reduce the cost of electricity and thermal energy, ensure access to energy sources close to the place of consumption in areas that not connected to gas or electricity networks, new job opportunities etc.
One of the main topics of interest in Romania is the intelligent exploitation of biomass, particularly the biodegradable municipal waste.
In October 2016, the Romanian Ministry of Development and European Funds published a draft of a Government Decision which provides a scheme totaling more than 100 million euros to support investments in energy production from less exploited renewable resources, namely biomass, biogas, geothermal.
The maximum level of support that may be granted to a beneficiary must not exceed 15 million euros for an investment project.
The measures promoted by this law are expected to be realized within The Priority Axis 6 – Promoting clean energy and energy efficiency to support a low-carbon economy, specific objective. 6.1. the increase of the energy production from less exploited renewable resources (biomass biogas, geothermal), from the Big Infrastructure Operational Program 2014-2020.
Currently in Romania the total annual production of energy from renewable sources is about 6550 ktoe. The unused technical potential is approximately 8000 ktoe with the following shares:
- biomass and biogas – 47%
- solar energy – 19%
- wind energy – 19%
- hydro – 14%
- geothermal – 2%
•2,081,233 heads of cattle
•4,478,596 heads of pigs
•85,096,537 heads of poultry
The production of biofuels and biogas is considered to have a high potential in Romania. In 2015, the production was 1,500 GWh for biofuels and 450 GWh for biogas.