The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia.

The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia.
The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia, Lithuania.

Friday, 10 February 2017

Waste-to-Energy potential in Romania

Waste-to-Energy is a hot topic in Romania for a multitude of reasons. One of them is the availability of waste and sub-products from the agricultural and forestry sectors. The potential of biomass usage in Romania, as an alternative to fossil fuels, is a reality which attracts serious attention of both local and international players. Also, biogass from manure is a viable option for thermal power for Romania's many animal farms.

FRD Center is monitoring the sector and currently up-dating the sector data, as well as its database of players in the Waste-to-Energy - biomass technologies, biogass potential users, importer-distributors of equipments and technologies, EPCs (Engineering Procurement Construction) etc.

The potential of biomass from manure in Romania is based mainly on swine and poultry husbandry activities as they are the most organized industrial animal husbandry sectors and generate more than 75% of total estimated manure quantities / year.

According to the Romanian Ministry of Agriculture, in 2016 there were:
•2,081,233 heads of cattle
•4,478,596 heads of pigs
•85,096,537 heads of poultry
The production of biofuels and biogas is considered to have a high potential in Romania. In 2015, the production was 1,500 GWh for biofuels and 450 GWh for biogas.

Currently a number of legislative documents are under preparation, such as the New Heating Law, which debates to set a 50% share of the energy produced (heat) for the domestic / district heating to be obtained from bioenergy sources, and the Biomass Law, whose main purpose is the creation of a transparent and stable framework for investors.

In Romania, the heat market is regulated by the Romanian Energy Regulatory Authority. Urban heating is provided by district thermal plants and old-style cogeneration plants running on natural gas and coal or oil. Many of the district heating plants were built in the 1960s and 70s and currently need rehabilitation and modernization. Due to the high losses in the district system and low efficiency of the plants, a large number of disconnections have occurred, leading to individual thermal plants implementation. The cogeneration in district heating sector in Romania is being re-discovered as the most promising option to reduce the costs and the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of district heating operators.

According to the latest data published by the National Institute of Statistics, the total area of the forest land in Romania was 6 544.6 thousands hectares in 2014, accounting for 27.3% of the total country area. According to the same source, the production of fire wood in Romania in 2014 was of 4.86 million m3, while in 2015, it was of 5.08 million m3, 4.5% more than in 2014.

According to ASFOR, in Romania are harvested annually approx. 19 million cubic meters of timber, of which 12 million cubic meters for the industrial processes, and the difference of seven million cubic meters for heating and other uses.

FRD Center considers that there are numerous opportunities for foreign companies involved in cleantech, Waste-to-Energy technologies, utilities management and automation, smart grid technologies, waste management, biomass and biogas utilisation, cogeneration etc. to do business in Romania.

Funding is available both from Governmental and EU sources, as well as from private sources. As an example, the Priority Axis 6 under EU POIM program is dedicated to promoting clean energy and energy efficiency for a low carbon economy (total allocation 197.3 million Euro). Similarly, the National Rural Development Program (PNDR) 2014-2020 with a total allocation of 9,36 billion Euro has a line of financing for investments in agricultural holdings to integrate energy efficiency measures and Renewable Energy Sources. The measures encourage investments in installations for electrical or thermal energy production by using the biomass residues resulted from own farming activity as well as other sources.

Should the developments and opportunities in the Waste-to-Energy Management sector in Romania and in other Emerging Markets in Europe be of interest to you perhaps we can collaborate.

For more details feel free to contact the FRD Center team at: email: or tel: +4021 411 1459/60/61

FRD Center provides market research in Eastern Europe and the region, B2B matchmaking in the CE Europe and SEE, M&A assistance in Romania, in CEE and SEE, in the Emerging Markets in Europe.

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